Welcome to your class with Dr. Brad Reynolds called History 101 - United States History to 1877. (Please note that if you are viewing this online and prior to the first day of class then this syllabus is subject to change and it is not "official" until the class begins. If you are viewing this as a hard copy then please note somewhere that it is available 24/7 at www.bradleyreynolds.weebly.com.)
Below is a description of this course. When you go to "Instructor" you will get information on how to contact him. Below that you will find out about course texts, goals, assignments, important course dates, policies, grading, and readings, and you will find a list of the essay exam questions. If at anytime you have a question about your grade or the course, please contact Professor Reynolds, preferably via email at firstname.lastname@example.org, and please remember to include your class name and your full name in the subject area of all emails you send. (If that email address does not work you can try email@example.com but please do NOT send your email to both addresses at the same time!) If you do not have email you can call Professor Reynolds anytime at 818-677-3565 but email will likely be faster. If you do call and it goes to voice mail then please leave a message, and don't forget to leave your name and phone number!
This course is a chronological survey of American history from the first Americans to 1877, focusing on American social, intellectual, political, economic, and diplomatic institutions. Major topics in the course include colonization, slavery, the American Revolution, Native Americans, the Civil War and Reconstruction.
*Note: The maximum UC credit allowed for students completing History 101 and 102 and History 110 and 111 and/or History 105 and 106 is one series.
By the end of this course you will:
1. Compare and contrast the cultural traditions, values and life styles of Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans in the early colonial period.
2. Assess the American colonial experience under English domination through the political, social, economic, and cultural forces that shaped its development.
3. Describe the institution of slavery and the experience of enslaved peoples during the colonial era; and explain why slavery became the dominant labor system in the southern colonies and how it impacted American social, political and economic systems.
4. Compare and contrast the Spanish, French and British colonies in North America.
5. Analyze the major events and ideas that gave rise to the American Revolution against English rule and assess the outcome of the war.
6. Identify the competing political philosophies in the early national period and explain how they impacted the creation of the Constitution and the expansion of democracy.
7. Define the basic principles of American foreign policy from 1789 through the Civil War era, and explain how those principles were applied to American interactions with foreign nations, including Native Americans in the West.
8. Evaluate the evolution of the institutions of family, school, workplace, and community from the colonial era through the Civil War period.
9. Identify and describe the impact of early nineteenth century European immigration on American culture, society, politics, and the economy.
10. Define the concept of Manifest Destiny and evaluate the process and consequences of westward expansion, including the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans and Mexicans.
11. Identify the nineteenth century reform movements aimed at the eradication of social ills in American society and assess how they influenced racial relations, gender roles and the social hierarchy.
12. Discuss the following issues in regards to the expansion of slavery in the nineteenth century: the evolving experiences and culture of enslaved peoples, the northern reaction to slavery, and the impact of slavery on southern economic and social systems.
13. Analyze the causes, course, and outcome of the Civil War.
14. Determine how political conflicts after the Civil War led to the creation of federal and State Reconstruction programs and assess the successes and failures of those programs.
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES OR SLOs
Upon completion of United States History to 1877, students will be able to develop and persuasively argue a historical thesis in a written assignment that identifies and explains major social, economic, political and/or cultural historical themes or patterns in United States history to 1877 and apply appropriate historical methods to analyze and use primary and/or secondary sources as evidence to support the thesis.
El Camino College is committed to providing educational accommodations for students with disabilities upon the timely request by the student to the instructor. A student with a disability, who would like to request an academic accommodation, is responsible for identifying herself/himself to the instructor and to the Special Resources Center. To make arrangements for academic accommodations, contact the Special Resource Center.
INSTRUCTOR INFO AND CONTACT INFORMATION
The contact information below is good 24/7. When you leave a message you will get a response as soon as possible and always within 48 hours. If you have not heard back from Professor Reynolds by the third day, then please send another message and do not assume that he got your previous message. And when you send an email please remember to always leave your full name and the name of your class in the subject area. Please also leave a detailed message so we resolve your question(s) quickly. Please note that if you call and you do not have voice mail or call waiting, or if you have a blocked phone number or email, or if you call on a cell phone and your message is garbled, or if you speak too fast when leaving your message, or if you forget to leave your name or number, you may not hear back from Professor Reynolds very soon, if at all, so email i preferable.
The best time to talk to Professor Reynolds face to face is right after your class. If that's inconvenient, then you can reach Professor Reynolds by one of the methods listed below, preferably email. Don't forget to include your class name and your full name when you leave a message.
Phone: (661) 362-3388
Fax: (310) 540-1632
(OR firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com, but please do not leave the same message at more than one email address unless an email bounces back to you. Thanks.)
About Dr. Reynolds
Brad Reynolds holds degrees from both UCLA and USC and has taught American history for nearly forty years at three universities and two community colleges. He enjoys teaching and looks forward to discussing history with you!
The two texts for this course are: Bradley Reynolds, American History, An Overview To 1877, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2012), ISBN 0-07-811948-0, and A Patriot's History of the United States by Larry Schweikart and Michael Allen (New York: Sentinel, 2007), ISBN 978-1-59523-023-4. Both books are available at the ECC Book Store and various online sites such as amazon.com.
The American History book was written specifically for your class. It includes outlines of material you will need to learn and a chronology of major events. It is the only book you need to read to answer the multiple choice exam questions and it is expected that all material used in your essay exams will come from the American History book and your other assigned text, A Patriot's History. A Patriot's History will give you more detailed background to the material you will learn in the class lectures. It is, therefore, expected that you will read it along with the other text and use the material in it and the American History text for your essay exams. They are the only books you should use for this class.
For a list of course topics, please look at the Table of Contents in your texts and at the "Course Description" near the beginning of this Syllabus.
COURSE READING ASSIGNMENTS
Your class reading assignments are to complete in the American History book Chapters 1-6 for your first exam, Chapters 6-10 for your second exam, and Chapters 11-18 for your third exam. In the Patriot's History you should read Chapters 1-3 for your first exam, Chapters 4-6 for your second exam, and Chapters 7-10 for your third exam.
Besides reading your texts, you should read a current daily news source or weekly news magazine on a regular basis. You may be surprised at how much material in this class has a direct relationship to events today. So stay current with the news and you'll enjoy the class material more, and you'll be working toward fulfilling one of your class assignments which is to turn in ten current newspaper or magazine articles related to the class material (as described in the "Course Policies" section below).
The primary goals of this class are that your will complete the class readings and assignments to gain an understanding of the importance of knowing United States history and government so you can better comprehend the present and better shape the future.
Besides attending class, you have several course assignments. The first is to keep current with the readings. (You will find your reading assignments for the class listed above.) You will be tested every few weeks on the reading assignments and lecture material, whether we have covered all that material in class or not, so be prepared!
Another continuing assignment is to read a daily newspaper or weekly news magazine to locate articles related to American history prior to 1877 so you can complete your news articles assignment mentioned below. This assignment will also give you a better understanding of the material discussed in class. If you do not already subscribe to a newspaper or news magazine, you can find several newspapers and magazines for your review in the library, or check the Web for current newspaper articles or current periodicals related. You may be surprised at how much we cover in class has a direct relationship to events today! So stay current with the news and you will enjoy the class more, and you will be working on one of your outside of class assignments which is to turn in ten news articles with material related to the contents of the this class (this is discussed in more detail below).
Your remaining class assignments are to complete the ten history projects, which are discussed in more detail below, and to adequately prepare for your exams.
COURSE GRADING AND EXAMINATION DATES
The grades in this class and the due dates for all work breaks down as follows:
3 Multiple Choice Tests worth 10 percent each or 30 percent of your class grade, and tentatively scheduled for March 14, April 25, and June 6.
2 Essay Tests including a midterm worth 20 percent of your class grade and a final essay exam worth 20 percent of your class grade. The exams are tentatively scheduled for March 12, April 23, and June 2.
10 News Articles worth 10 percent of your class grade and due by the start of the last essay exam.
10 History Projects worth 10 percent of your class grade and due by the start of the last essay exam.
10 Quizzes worth 10 percent of your class grade (this is discussed in more detail below).
CALENDAR OF IMPORTANT COURSE DATES
February 11: On this first day of class you should read the course syllabus and let the instructor know if you have any questions. You should also start your reading of the two assigned texts and start looking for your first projects and articles. Remember, you can turn in your articles and projects anytime even though they are not due until the last week of class.
February 18: By the start of this second week of class you should be continuing your search for articles and working on your projects. You should also be preparing for your first essay exam by outlining some of the essay questions listed below under Exam One Essays. You should also have started reviewing the multiple choice questions at the back of the American History book in preparation for your first multiple choice exam.
March 12: Today the optional first essay exam will be available. See below under "More on the Essay Exams" for more details on how the essay exams work. Be sure to come to class with a small exam book and a blue or black pen if you are taking this test.
March 14: Today everyone will take the first multiple choice exam. See below under "More on the Multiple Choice Exams" to get a better idea of how the multiple choice tests work. Be sure to come to class with a Scan-tron 882 and a number 2 pencil.
April 8 and 10: No class! I hope you have a fun and spring break!
April 15: By now you should have completed several of your projects and articles and submitted them for approval. You should also be working on the essay questions for your second essay exam as well as reviewing the multiple choice questions in the American History book for your second multiple choice exam, both of which are later this month.
April 23: Today the second essay exam will be available. If you did not take the first essay exam, then you must take this one. If you took the first essay exam but want to improve your test score, then you have the option of taking this exam.
April 25: Today everyone will take their second multiple choice exam.
May 6: As you go into the last month of the class, you should be close to completing all your articles and projects. You should also start preparing for your third essay and multiple choice exams which are mandatory and which are only a few weeks away.
May 27: By the start of this next to last week of class you should try to have your articles and projects completed so you can submit them no later than next week. You should also be preparing for your final essay and multiple choice tests.
June 4: By the start of class today, all projects and articles are due. Also today, everyone will take the third essay exam.
June 6: Today everyone will take your third multiple choice exam.
Congratulations! You have completed the class!
REVIEW OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CLASS DATES
February 12: The class begins
March 12: optional essay one
March 14: multiple choice exam one - everyone takes it!
April 23: essay two (mandatory if you did not take essay one)
April 25: multiple choice exam two - everyone takes it!
June 4: essay three (mandatory for everyone) and all projects and articles are due by the start of class
June 6: multiple choice test three - everyone takes it!
MORE ON THE MULTIPLE CHOICE EXAMS
For each of your three multiple choice exams you will answer 100 questions. The multiple choice questions for each test will come primarily from the multiple questions listed in the back of each chapter in the American History text, so study those questions and you won't have too many surprises! And don't forget to bring a Scan-tron 882 and a number 2 pencil for each of your multiple choice exams! Your failure to use the proper test instruments will result in one lower test grade.
MORE ON THE ESSAY EXAMS
You will have two essay exam grades, each worth 20 percent of your class grade. The essay tests will be based on questions listed below. For your first essay test grade you can do essay test one OR essay test two. If you do both essay one and essay two then your highest grade will count as your first essay grade. Everyone will take the third essay. You will receive in class specific instructions on how to prepare for each essay prior to each exam, but, sooner than later, you should read the "Tips for Writing Essays" located at www.bradleyreynolds.weebly.com. For now suffice it to say that you will receive at least one of the three essays listed for exams one and two and you will receive three of the five questions listed for exam three, so, unless you like to gamble, you should study three essays for each exam. If you do so then you are guaranteed to get on your test at least one of the questions you studied.
Please note that when you take your essay tests you will need to bring a small examination book and a pen to class. Your failure to use the proper test instruments will result in one lower test grade. And when you write your essays you need to do so in full sentences and paragraphs and keep in mind that spelling, grammar, and organization will count when determining your essay grades. So if you have a writing problem, get help from the tutorial lab, or see Dr. Reynolds for other ways you might improve your writing, or wait until you have completed an English writing class before you take this class. Generally speaking, an essay that answers the question asked but in a broad general way emphasizing only lecture material and perhaps needing better writing and organization will probably earn a "C". A "B" essay is a very good essay but one that could perhaps use more specifics from the texts or lectures and/or more analysis and/or tighter writing and organization. An "A" essay is one that is well written and organized, answers the question in full, and uses specific examples from the lectures and texts. You will get a "D" if your essay has inaccurate information, and/or is poorly written and organized, and/or if it omits parts of the question asked. You will get an "F" if you fail to answer the question asked or if your writing is extremely poor or if you write very little. And you will get a "zero" if you fail to take the exam (a zero means an F for the test plus one lower class grade). If you are caught cheating, you will receive a fail for the class!
Students sometimes wonder how much they should write to get an "A." While you will be graded more on content then on length, generally speaking an "A" exam tends to fill most of a small examination book, both sides of each leaf (in other words, all pages). So don't expect to get a very good grade if you write only on only a few pages. In short, an "A" means outstanding, a "B" means very good, a "C" means satisfactory, a "D" means barely passing, and an "F" means you failed to adequately answer the question. To calculate your class grade, assign the following points for each 10 percent of your class grade: four points to an "A", three points to a "B", two points to a "C" and one point to a "D". (So an essay test for which you received a "B" would be worth six points since each essay is 20 percent of your class grade.) At the end of the term add your total points and your grade will be as follows: 40-38 points A, 37-35 points A-, 34-32 B+, 31-29 B, 28-26 B-, 25-23 C+, 22-20 C, 19-17 C-, 16-14 D+, 13-11 D, 10-8 D-, and below 8 Fail.
EXAM ONE ESSAYS
1. Write an essay about life in colonial British North America in which you discuss economic, social, political, religious, and intellectual developments of the colonies from 1607 to 1776.
2. Discuss the economic, political, social, intellectual, and religious causes of the American Revolution and especially the events from 1763 to 1776 leading directly to the Revolution. Was the Revolution inevitable? Explain.
3. Write an essay about the American Revolution in which you discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both sides at the start of the Revolution, the course of the Revolution, and why the US won the war.
EXAM TWO ESSAYS
1. Discuss the reasons the United States adopted the Articles of Confederation, what successes and problems resulted from the Articles in the 1780s, and why, when, and how the U.S. became a federal republic under the Constitution. Include in your essay the various issues raised at the Constitutional Convention.
2. Discuss why the Federalists and Anti-Federalists emerged in the 1790s, the basic philosophy of each group (Hamiltonian vs. Jeffersonian ideology), and the positions each side took on the major issues of the decade, both domestic and foreign.
3. Write about the events leading to the War of 1812, the course of the war, and about the impact the war had on the United States.
EXAM THREE ESSAYS
1. Write an essay on the causes of westward expansion from 1815 to 1850 in which you discuss the impact of expansion on the U.S. economy and on the peoples of the west, especially the Native Americans, British, and the Mexicans. Include in your essay a discussion about the Mexican War in which you discuss its causes and its impact on America's movement west.
2. Write an essay about the economic development of the United States from 1815 to 1850 in which you explain why and how the economy expanded. Be specific.
3. Discuss the causes of sectionalism from 1815 to 1860. Pay particular attention to the events of the 1850s that led to the Civil War.
4. Write an essay on the Civil War in which you discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each side at the start of the war. Then discuss the course of the war, why the United States won, and the war's impact on the United States.
5. Write an essay about the era of Reconstruction from 1865-1877 in which you discuss the various plans and what worked or did not work. How did the period affect the civil rights movement? In what ways was it a success and/or a failure?
For your test instruments you must bring for each essay test at least one small examination book and a blue or black pen, and for each multiple test a Scan-tron 882 and a number 2 pencil. Your failure to use the proper test instruments will result in one lower test grade!
You will have to opportunity to make-up an exam you cannot take with the class, with the exception of the final multiple choice exam which you cannot makeup. Make-up exams will occur at a time and place determined by Dr. Reynolds, but will likely be during a class period. If you take a make-up exam before the scheduled class test time, you will not be penalized. If you take a make-up test after the class exam was given, you will be penalized one grade on that test for each week or portion thereof that you wait to do the makeup! You must take all make-up exams by the day of the last multiple choice exam. Your failure to make-up a missed exam will result in an F for that test PLUS one lower class grade, so contact Dr. Reynolds to arrange a make-up exam as soon as possible!
CHEATING, COPYING, AND PLAGIARISM
Unfortunately, a note needs to be made here about cheating, copying, and plagiarism. If you are caught cheating on an examination or if you copy someone’s work you will receive a failing grade for the class and you may be subject to further disciplinary action including suspension or expulsion. So make sure you obey the rules, and if you have any questions about any of this make sure you ask Dr. Reynolds.
You will have ten short pop quizzes in class. They will occur without warning so make sure you attend class. The quizzes will be short answer or true false and will be based on the previous lecture material.
THE NEWS ARTICLES ASSIGNMENT
Ten percent of your class grade involves your submitting ten news articles that include a direct reference to the primary material of your class or which require knowledge of the primary material of your class to understand. It is therefore very important that you read a newspaper or news magazine on a regular basis because you will likely be hearing things from the news at almost every class session. So, if you do not already subscribe to a newspaper or weekly news magazine, you can find several newspapers and magazines for your review in the library, or check the Web for newspaper articles or current periodicals related to U.S. history. You may be surprised at how much we cover in class has a direct relationship to events today. So stay current with the news and you will enjoy the class more, and you will be working on your news articles assignment as well. When you go looking for articles in a standard newspaper (like the Los Angeles Times, USA Today, New York Times, Daily Breeze, Wall Street Journal, or Daily News) you are most likely to find them in section A but also check other sections. There are articles related to history all the time in the obituary section, the travel section, and even the sports page, so look at all parts of your newspaper! (But do not use "This Day in History" and do not get articles from a history magazine or history Web site or from a newspaper blog or magazine blog.) When you find what is required, clip it and attach it securely (by staple or tape) to an 8 X 11 sheet of paper (or you can email the article or its link if you are working off the Web). On the back of the paper (or in the subjet area of an email) put your name and class section number, plus the date, publication and page from which you got the article (remember, articles must come from something published during the term of your class), and write a paragraph explaining what the article says and another paragraph explaining what parts of the article mention the primary content of your class and/or requires some knowledge of the class content to fully understand. Remember, you are expected to turn in ten news article assignments by the start of the last essay exam, so get started sooner than later. The idea here is to learn the history behind the stories in the news today to enhance your appreciation of the fact that knowing the past is relevant for understanding the present and acting upon the future. So keep your eyes open for historical items and write about them for class credit! If you complete the required assignments by the last day of lecture you will receive an "A" for this part of your class grade. Eight articles will earn you a "B," seven a "C" and six a "D." Your failure to turn in any articles will result in one lower CLASS grade! You can turn in your articles, either individually or in total, anytime you like during the semester up to the last day of lectures, but you should try and turn in your work over 48 hours prior to their due date in case an article is rejected and you need to do another. Also, make sure you keep copies of what you submit until you are told by Dr. Reynolds that your article was graded and recorded.
THE HISTORY PROJECTS
Another one of your class assignments worth 10 percent of your class grade involves you doing ten history projects. The list of the history projects you can do will be given to you at the class orientation meeting or you can get the list by going to www.bradleyreynolds.weebly.com and clicking on "Projects." Things you can do include attending a lecture on something related to the content of this class, writing a book review on a book related to the content of this class, visiting a museum or library to see an exhibit related the content of this class, critiquing a historical cartoon or poster or photograph of something related to this class, interviewing an important historical figure from the past or someone who knows about information related to this class, or even analyzing a song or a video game about some aspect of U.S. history related to this class. Whatever you decide to do, remember that you should do ten projects from the list of items provided (or get permission to write on something not listed), you must follow the directions provided for each project, and you may not do more than two of the same project (so, for example, you cannot do three movie reviews). If any of this is unclear, be sure to contact Dr. Reynolds for a further explanation. If you complete all ten history projects by their due date of the last lecture, you will get an "A" for this part of your class grade. Eight completed projects will earn you a "B," seven projects will earn you a "C," six projects a "D," and anything less than six will earn an "F." If you fail to do any projects, you will get an F for this assignment and your CLASS grade will drop by one, so don't let this happen to you. As with the news articles, you can turn in your ten history projects anytime during the semester, either individually or in total, up to the last day of the lectures, but you should try to turn them in at least 48 hours prior to their due date so if one is rejected you will have time to redo it. And make sure you keep a copy of each project until you know it has been accepted and recorded.
That covers it! Never hesitate to send an email to Dr. Reynolds if you have questions about the class!